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So far 제주평화연구원 has created 623 blog entries.

[평화의 섬 시리즈 4] 국제 인권과 평화의 섬 제주

4.3은 여전히 남은 문제가 있고, 해결해야 할 과제도 많지만, 세계 다른 국가의 비극과 그 해결 과정을 경험적으로 비교했을 때 상당히 유의미한 발전을 이뤄냈다고 평가할 수 있다. 한국의 여느 인권침해 문제뿐만 아니라 세계 유사사례와 비교했을 때도 놀라운 성취를 이룬 4.3은 이미 동아시아 및 국제인권과 상호작용하며 세계평화에 많은 역할을 했고, 계속하여 큰 역할을 할 가능성이 충분히 있다. 4.3은 이미 5.18 광주민주화운동, 여순사건, 한국전쟁 중 민간인 희생 사건, 노근리 사건 등 국내 다양한 이행기 정의 운동의 표본과 모범이 됐고 앞으로도 이 역할은 계속될 것이다. 더 나아가, 4.3은 우리와 유사한 경험을 가진 대만, 인도네시아에 인권침해와 해결의 또 다른 선택지를 보여줬고, 이는 향후 이들 국가의 인권 발전에 기여할 수 있다. 4.3은 다양한 층위의 위원회 설치, 지연된 진상조사, 화해와 상생 등 독특한 경험으로 세계 이행기 정의 정책에 중요한 시사점을 제공했다.

2020-09-22T10:40:45+00:002020년 9월 22일|

Jeju Revisited from the Perspective of Korean Reunification

Jeju, called an island of fantasy, is one of the most famous tourist destinations in the world. As a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site, its dramatic landscape illustrates the harmony between nature and people. Jeju is also called an island of peace. Even if the world is becoming increasingly connected, blurring borders with the emergence of global citizenship, the Korean Peninsula remains the only divided nation on Earth. As the division means severance from our interconnected world, Korean unification, people on the Korean Peninsula hope, is imperative to achieve world peace. This essay reinvents Jeju as “Island of Unification and Peace."

2020-09-17T14:55:55+00:002020년 9월 17일|

The Age of Uncertainty: Reflections on Post-COVID-19 World Order and the Future of Korea

The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) has spread rapidly around the world since it was first reported in the Chinese city of Wuhan in December 2019. As of late July 2020, the global number of confirmed cases has surpassed eighteen million, with fatalities reaching 700,000. None of the five oceans or six continents remain free of COVID-19 diagnoses. The pandemic has brought about unprecedented sudden impacts on people’s economic, social, and political life. International relations have been equally devastated by the pandemic, precipitating new discourse on world order in the post-COVID-19 era. After having examined five contending scenarios of future world order (walled cities and the new medieval age, Pax American II, Pax Sinica, Pax Universalis, and status quo of asymmetric US-China bipolarity), the article predicts that the status quo order is likely to continue in the post-coronavirus era. Fierce hegemonic rivalry between China and the US will pose a serious existential dilemma to South Korea. In order to cope with the challenge of the worsening status quo order, South Korea is required to seek a sagacious and resolute diplomacy backed up by a broad national consensus.

2020-09-09T20:39:08+00:002020년 9월 8일|

After COVID-19: Reflections on the International Political Economy

This article makes three points about the post-COVID international political economy, the first of which is that the pandemic is far from over. Rather, it is moving into a completely different phase when developing countries, rather than advanced industrial states, will be its victims. The consequences include not only more severe public health risks, but also a wave of debt crises in both low-income and middle-income countries. The second point is that the pandemic is likely to generate ideational changes. Despite populist backlashes, publics will demand that governments develop the capabilities to protect them, not only from health shocks but from economic ones as well. State capacity will come to the fore. Finally, looking at the US-China relationship, we should not count on a snapback under a Biden administration. Although we can expect a shift toward more multilateral approaches to the Asia-Pacific, Democrats have their own reasons to limit risks from China; the trade war—broadly conceived—will continue even if on new turf.

2020-09-09T20:39:33+00:002020년 9월 8일|

COVID-19, US-China Conflict, and Multilateralism in East Asia

How is multilateralism and regionalism in East Asia coping with the COVID-19 pandemic and economic shocks? This article argues that East Asian countries have shown a high degree of convergence in their approach to the pandemic and the informal institutional arrangements of the region have shown quite a bit of resilience overall. There will be some adjustment to supply chains but not a drastic economic fragmentation. However, the region is also beset with increasing security tensions that are related to the US-China confrontations and hardening of governance in China and the US, in addition to Indo-Chinese tensions. The future will be shaped by this balance of continued resilience and securitization occurring at the same time.

2020-09-09T20:39:57+00:002020년 9월 8일|

U.S.-China Relations amid COVID-19 Outbreak and Impact on East Asia

COVID-19 did not facilitate cooperation between the US and China but caused the bilateral relations to worsen further instead. US domestic politics, China’s “wolf warrior” diplomacy, and the pre-existing US-China rivalry are important contributing factors to the deterioration. Such deterioration amid the pandemic outbreak has presented a certain degree of security challenges in East Asia around Taiwan, the East and South China Seas, and the Korean Peninsula. Regional players in East Asia, namely Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea, must look for a balance point between the two great powers to optimize security and economic benefits. To create and maintain regional prosperity and stability, cooperation between the US and China is necessary, which can be achieved through efforts of the two great powers and also of the regional players.

2020-09-09T20:40:20+00:002020년 9월 8일|

What will the world look like after the pandemic?

The world is in turmoil. The corona-pandemic continues to take lives and disrupt daily lives across the globe. This happens against a backdrop of a declining US and western-based world order and a resurgence of authoritarian rulers. In this essay, I discuss the inability of the international community to respond to the pandemic, especially as it relates to helping countries in armed conflict. At the end of March, the UN Secretary-General issued an urgent plea for a worldwide ceasefire to help communities cope with the pandemic. The plea was not met with adequate international support. I moreover show that regimes across the globe have used the pandemic to restrict political and civil liberties. In sum, we risk emerging from the pandemic as a less democratic world.

2020-09-09T20:40:42+00:002020년 9월 8일|

[평화의 섬 시리즈 3] 지방의 국제화와 제주

이 글에서는 우리나라 지방정부의 국제화 현황을 제주 사례에 초점을 맞춰 개괄적으로 살펴보았다. 제II장에서는 국내외 관련 문헌 검토를 통해 세계화의 개념적 의미와 지방정부에 대한 영향을 구조주의, 현실주의, 사회학적 제도주의 등의 이론적 시각에 비추어 조명하였다. 특히 세방화 흐름에 적극 참여하는 지방정부의 행태 동기를 사회학적 제도주의 시각에서 해석하는 데 초점을 두어 국제 사회의 문화와 규범의 중요성을 강조하고자 했다. 또한 한국 지방정부의 국제화 노력이 선행연구에서 어떻게 다루어져 왔는지를 정리하였다. 이러한 논의를 바탕으로 제III장에서 지방정부의 국제화 경향을 대표하는 세 분야에 대해 필자가 수집, 정리한 여러 지표들을 요약적으로 제시하였다. 광역자치단체 뿐만 아니라 기초자치단체도 이러한 흐름에 적극 동참하였다는 사실이 인상적이다. 제IV장에서는 제주가 상대적으로 상당히 이른 시기부터 다방면으로 국제화 노력을 노정해 왔다는 사실을 확인하였다. 즉, 지역적 정체성과 세계적 보편성을 동시에 추구할 수 있는 좋은 조건을 갖추고 있는 가운데 제주의 국제화는 양적, 질적 측면에서 모두 괄약적인 성과를 거두어 왔다고 볼 수 있다. 이러한 성과를 지속가능케하기 위해서는 중앙정부와의 조정과 협력을 기반으로 하여, 국제화 추진의 주체인 도청 및 시청 차원에서 주체적으로 중장기적 전략을 구상하되, 국제화를 추진하는 과정이 관주도가 아닌 시민참여로 채워질 수 있도록 노력해야 한다. 이로써 '세계평화의 섬 제주'가 한반도와 동북아 평화 교류의 장으로서 확고하게 자리 잡는 길이 마련될 것으로 기대한다.

2020-09-07T16:54:04+00:002020년 9월 7일|

Jeju: A Pivot for the Peace Culture

The year 2020 marks the 15th anniversary of the designation of Jeju as the ‘Island of World Peace’ by the Korean Government. Jeju has been consolidating the status based on its rich humanistic resources and natural environment. How could Jeju become an island, enjoying freedom from structural violence? The author gives credit to Jeju’s communal solidarity and spirit towards peace which helped overcome its structural violence of the past. Furthermore, he suggests strategies for developing Jeju as a symbolic space for new criteria and culture of peace.

2020-09-17T09:44:53+00:002020년 9월 7일|

Jeju Forum Journal: After COVID-19

The main theme of our first issue is "After COVID-19," a timely subject as the spread of COVID-19 continues to affect the daily lives of people around the world. Moon Chung-in of Yonsei University, Stephan Haggard of University of California San Diego, Yves Tiberghien of University of British Columbia, Zhu Feng and Wang Xiaotian of Nanjing University, and Håvard Mokleiv Nygård of Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) made contributions to this first issue. They have shared their knowledge and insights regarding the impact COVID-19 had on the world so far and how it is going to shape the future of multilateralism, democracies, US-China relations, and East Asia. (We want to notify that the Jeju Forum Journal is committed to political neutrality and that the manuscripts in our publication do not represent our official views.

2020-09-09T20:41:34+00:002020년 9월 3일|