Reflections on Inter-Regionalism and Development Strategy: Towards Inter-Regionalism beyond the Northeast Asian Community
In 2018, the department of Regional Integration Program at JPI examined inter-regionalism. Because of Brexit and the “America First” slogan in 2017, many are concerned about a crisis in liberal internationalism, which has maintained the post-war international order. Although the crisis in liberalism is not as serious as was originally thought, it is still uncertain which direction the international order will take. This study suggests the advent of “inter-regionalism” as an alternative to overcome this uncertainty. In the meantime, empirical studies have been conducted mainly by researchers overseas on inter-regionalism focused on cooperation among regional communities such as Asia-Europe, Europe-Africa, and Europe-South America. But there are no detailed theoretical or empirical studies in Korea. This study regards the concept of Northeast Asia shared by domestic institutes and researchers as the outcome of the initial stage of a discussion to formulate regionalism, and explores inter-regionalism in the supposition that Northeast Asia, East Asia, Europe, Asia Pacific and other regions are partners in cooperation and co-prosperity. Based on these premises, this study claims that regional cooperation schemes such as the Northeast Asia Plus Community of Responsibility, the New Southern Policy, and the New Northern Policy of the incumbent government can produce more positive results when establishing political, economic, social and cultural relationships with other regions based on common interests. Theoretical and empirical data accumulated through this research are expected to serve as a reference for formulating government policies and strategies as well as making an academic contribution.