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Research By Year

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The 2018 Survey on the Perceptions of Peace in East Asia
The consensus on a liberal international order, which has been the basis of postwar international relations, is being challenged all over the world following the election of Donald Trump as U.S. President and the rise of separatism and rightist politics. In Northeast Asia, the deployment of THAAD in South Korea and the increasing nuclear threats of North Korea have raised tensions in bilateral relations, which have been stable thus far. Therefore, the next few years are likely to go down in history as the period of the highest tensions and uncertainties, both internationally and regionally, since the end of the Cold War. The “Survey on the Perceptions of Peace in East Asia” which systematically investigates the perceptions of policymakers, experts and ordinary citizens of Korea and its neighboring countries about the international order and bilateral relations, and tensions and uncertainties, in particular, is designed to establish public diplomacy and foreign policies and to explore their implications in the pursuit of peace and prosperity in the region.
Inter-Regionalism and Track II Diplomacy: the Role of Think Tanks to Promote ROK-ASEAN Cooperation
There are increasing moves in Korea, such as the New Southern Policy and the New Northern Policy, to strengthen regional cooperation. The question is who will drive regional cooperation and how will this be accomplished. This study seeks to explore the role of think tanks as a mechanism to pursue cooperation between Northeast Asia and Southeast Asia. Korea and ASEAN have both the possibility and the need to cooperate in a variety of fields, from non-traditional security to social issues such as aging societies and low birthrates. The roles of think tanks as well as the government are important in gathering the opinions of various strata and actors. In the case of ASEAN, in particular the role of Track II actors, and especially that of a think tank council, the ASEAN-ISIS (Institutes of Strategic and International Studies) is important. Hence, it is necessary to explore measures to promote cooperation between Korea and ASEAN think tanks, including ISIS, so that they may push for cooperation between the Northeast and Southeast Asian regions.
Peace Index on the Korean Peninsula for 1979-2013 Based on Big Data: An Analysis of ROK-US Relations
Amid the various incidents continuously occurring between South Korea and the U.S., changes in the actors, policies and the environment of bilateral relations might be viewed as variables in the relationship or the result of other variables, thus requiring an objective analysis. In the absence of time series analysis, existing studies on the ROK-US relationship mainly apply analytical methods that focus on policies during certain time periods and/or incidents that are considered to have policy implications. It is admitted that the biggest obstacle to an objective analysis of bilateral relations between Korea and the U.S. is the lack of objective information. This study is one of the alternatives to overcome the information shortage found in research on ROK-US relations. It utilizes the GDELT data in big data form that has collected and analyzed various documents quoted by news reports related to ROK-US relations. This study aims to create a peace index for the Korean peninsula by using big data, to discuss the policy implications of major events that are meaningful to the ROK-US relationship using the index, and to suggest policy implications through a time series analysis.
Reflections on Inter-Regionalism and Development Strategy: Towards Inter-Regionalism beyond the Northeast Asian Community
In 2018, the department of Regional Integration Program at JPI examined inter-regionalism. Because of Brexit and the “America First” slogan in 2017, many are concerned about a crisis in liberal internationalism, which has maintained the post-war international order. Although the crisis in liberalism is not as serious as was originally thought, it is still uncertain which direction the international order will take. This study suggests the advent of “inter-regionalism” as an alternative to overcome this uncertainty. In the meantime, empirical studies have been conducted mainly by researchers overseas on inter-regionalism focused on cooperation among regional communities such as Asia-Europe, Europe-Africa, and Europe-South America. But there are no detailed theoretical or empirical studies in Korea. This study regards the concept of Northeast Asia shared by domestic institutes and researchers as the outcome of the initial stage of a discussion to formulate regionalism, and explores inter-regionalism in the supposition that Northeast Asia, East Asia, Europe, Asia Pacific and other regions are partners in cooperation and co-prosperity. Based on these premises, this study claims that regional cooperation schemes such as the Northeast Asia Plus Community of Responsibility, the New Southern Policy, and the New Northern Policy of the incumbent government can produce more positive results when establishing political, economic, social and cultural relationships with other regions based on common interests. Theoretical and empirical data accumulated through this research are expected to serve as a reference for formulating government policies and strategies as well as making an academic contribution.