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- Major Projects - Research By Year
Research By Year

2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007

Survey on the Perceptions of Peace in East Asia
The tension-charged atmosphere on the Korean peninsula in 2017 has entered a totally new phase with the sudden changes in inter-Korean ties such as the inter-Korean summits and the first-ever summit between the U.S. and North Korea, following the participation of the North in the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang in the South. The efforts to denuclearize the peninsula and build peace are now in full swing. At this juncture, it is necessary to grasp the perceptions of leaders and the public in neighboring countries about international relations, as policy decisions made by heads of state depend upon their own perceptions and public opinion. The 2019 Survey on the Perceptions of Peace in East Asia will look into the views of state leaders and the public regarding the international order and bilateral relations so that its results might be utilized in establishing policies on public diplomacy and foreign affairs. It will also investigate the impact public opinion has on intra-regional peace and prosperity.
Initiatives to Ban Inhumane Weapons – Analysis of the Success Factors
International conventions to ban inhumane weapons such as antipersonnel mines, nuclear weapons and cluster bombs are increasingly going into effect. NGOs played a crucial role in helping get the conventions adopted. The International Campaign to Ban Landmines won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1997 for its contribution in getting agreements on the Ottawa Treaty, while the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons was awarded the prize in 2017 for its role in the adoption of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. These examples testify to the role of NGOs being as crucial as those of states in international society. However, the NGO role needs more recognition. For a better understanding of the role of NGOs, this research will shed more light on their activities and the influence they have in the movement to ban inhumane weapons. Other actors have attempted to prohibit inhumane weapons, but failed to do so. Hence, this research will delve into factors that made such attempts succeed or fail.
The 1979-2013 Peace Index on the Korean Peninsula Based on Big Data: Analysis of the Correlations between Korea and Japan
Amid the constant outbreaks of incidents in Korea-Japan relations, changes in the actors, policies and environment in the relationship might be viewed either as causes of changes in the ties or as results from other variables, thus necessitating an objective analysis. Conventional studies on the bilateral relations lacked a time series analysis, just relying on methodology to analyze policies or incidents during certain critical periods. It is admitted that the lack of objective information posed the greatest obstacle to an objective analysis of North Korea’s moves. This study has utilized GDELT (Global Database of Events, Language and Tone), big data containing various news reports about Korea-Japan ties, as an alternative measure to overcome the dearth of information on these. Using big data, this study has produced a peace index for the Korean peninsula in connection with the bilateral ties, discussed the meaning of major incidents in the bilateral ties and suggested their policy implications based on a time series analysis.
Peace-building through Inter-regional Alliance - Discourse and Realities
From the perspective of inter-regionalism, the Regional Integration Program this year will examine the discourse on peace-building efforts by non-state actors through inter-regional alliances, and its examples. In 2018, there were active discussions on peace-building endeavors through inter-regional alliances on peace issues that states can hardly address. Thus far, academia was in charge of the peace discourse, and central governments took the role of planning and putting peace into practice, while local communities, cities and provinces somehow neglected peace issues. However, over the recent 10 years, local communities have actively engaged in alliances for peace amid rising calls in international society for local governments to play a more active role to address global issues. For instance, the advisory committee of the UN Human Rights Council adopted in 2015 a report on the role of local government in the promotion and protection of human rights, asking for the commitment of local governments to the protection of human rights. Academia is also making increasing efforts to come up with city- and local community-based political discourse. The Regional Integration Program confirmed in 2018 that inter-regional cooperation based on inter-regionalism can make more productive results when a local community ties up with other regions and makes the most of their political, economic, social and cultural commonalities and common interests. Following up on the results, the 2019 research project will suggest regionalism and inter-regionalism as theoretical bases for a consensus on the peace discourse, and on top of this, will examine peace-building discourse and practices based on the inter-regional alliances of non-state actors. The results of theoretical and empirical studies accumulated by this research are expected not only to make an academic contribution but also to serve as a reference for government policies and strategies on peace issues.